Current Environmental Issue Study Guide 2022

Waste to Resources

The Current Environmental Issue is always selected by the host of the North American competition. in 2022 Ohio will be the host. Ohio is one of the most densely populated states in the United States, with just over 11.6 million people calling it home. Like many populous areas, Ohio is tasked with servicing its residents while also sustaining its natural resources across diverse geographic regions.
As a by-product of its robust population, the state is faced with the responsibility of managing different types of waste generated by individuals, households, communities, businesses, manufacturing, agriculture, and industry. Waste of all kinds has the potential to affect the environment and our natural resources. From the water we drink to the land we live on, our decisions about how to manage waste impact our communities and the world around us. How can we make responsible choices about our waste? How can we manage our growth in a way that is sustainable? How can we turn our waste into resources?

These challenges make Ohio well positioned to enact innovative and creative solutions for managing its wastes regeneratively, turning them into resources through restoration, repurposing, and recycling for the benefit of the natural environment and future generations.


Students will learn the concepts of different waste streams and the impacts of waste generation and disposal on natural resources and society. Students will also learn effective ways to manage waste regeneratively; as well as the social, economic, and political impacts of turning waste products and degraded lands into resources.

Key Topics:

1: Landfills and Hazardous Materials 

1.    Describe different types of landfills and explain how they are regulated.
2.    Identify examples of hazardous materials and toxic substances and describe their proper disposal and handling.


2: Reuse, Recycling and Waste Diversion 

1.    Explain how the practices of reusing or recycling products conserves natural resources.
2.    Describe how recycled materials can be repurposed and further diverted from landfills.
3.    Explain how waste can be repurposed.


 3: Composting and Food Waste 

1.    Describe composting processes and identify how composting supports waste diversion efforts.
2.    Explain how composting improves soil health and provide evidence for how composting supports water conservation efforts.
3.    Describe the problem of food waste and explain how it impacts the sustainability of the global food supply.


4: Combustion with Energy Recovery (Waste-to-Energy) 

1.    Identify examples of closed loop energy systems and facilities.
2.    Compare methods of carbon sequestration and describe their potential as an energy source.


5: Human and Animal Waste Treatment 

1.    Evaluate the differences between municipal waste treatment and home sewage treatment systems.
2.    Compare and contrast the methods of waste treatment for human waste versus animal waste.
3.    Describe the impacts to ground and surface waters when fecal waste is not effectively managed.
4.    Identify innovative methods for managing fecal waste to lessen the impact to natural resources.


6: Brownfields and the Restoration of Degraded Lands 

1.    Define a brownfield and identify the impacts of brownfield materials on soil and water quality.
2.    Explain methods for removing brownfield toxins and the role of federal and state entities in restoration.
3.    Compare “green” approaches to re-using degraded lands and identify the benefits these methods provide to local communitie

2022 National NCF - Envirothon Competition

Oxford, Ohio

Study Materials

Our local test writers are going to use the study materials from the NCF Envirothon.

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